A Very Brief Annotated Working Bibliography on Māori Language Policy, 2020 Edition

There are two recent literature reviews on Māori language policy, undertaken for the Māori Language Commission by University of Auckland academics Tony Trinick, Stephen May and Ruth Lemon. Both are available here.

(1) Trinick, T., May, S., & Lemon, R. (2020). Literature Review; Language Planning and Policy: Factors that impact on successful language planning and policy. University of Auckand/Te Taura Whiri i te reo Māori.

(2) Trinick, T., May, S., & Lemon, R. (2020). Annotated Bibliography: Language Planning and Policy. University of Auckand/Te Taura Whiri i te reo Māori.


Other authors on Māori language policy include Nathan Albury, Richard Benton, Julia de Bres, Rawinia Higgins, and Bernard Spolsky.

Regrettably most of the literature below is only accessible via libraries or requires some form of payment.

Worthwhile publications include:

(3) Benton, R. A. (2015). Perfecting the partnership: revitalising the Māori language in New Zealand education and society 1987–2014. Language, Culture and Curriculum, 28(2), 99-112. doi:10.1080/07908318.2015.1025001

(4) A good overview of Māori-medium education is May, S., & Hill, R. (2008). Māori-medium education: current issues and challenges. In N. H. Hornberger (Ed.), Can schools save indigenous languages? (pp. 66-98). New York: Palgrave. Unfortunately print only.

(5) May, S. (2013). Indigenous immersion education: International developments. Journal of Immersion and Content-Based Education, (1)1, 34-69. ‎PDF here.

(6) Good introductions to language policy include;

Spolsky, B. (2004). Language Policy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Spolsky, B. (2018). A modified and enriched theory of language policy (and management). Language Policy. doi:10.1007/s10993-018-9489-z

The Crown's strategy for Māori Language revitalization

The Maihi Karauna is the Crown’s Strategy for Māori Language Revitalisation 2018 – 2023.

A rather grandiose scheme with little details on how it could possibly be achieved.


Last modified: 13 April 2020.

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